7 April 1951 - Central Records Bureau was Established
7 April 1951
Forrester Heads Police Bureau
Captain Clarence O. Forrester, head of the Motorcycle Squad an Accident Investigation crews of the Police Department, has been put in charge of the department’s new Central Records Bureau, police Commissioner Beverly Ober announced today.
Captain Forrester, with the department since 1931, will assume his new post, Monday (9 April 1951). He will take charge of the bureau is being set up on the fifth floor of the police building.
Under the new system, all records of the department will be centralized at police headquarters were automatic business machines will do the work formerly done by clerks in each police district. The department will enter directly to the commissioner.
Joint Command Set
Colonel Ober also announced that that Captain Thomas J. Keys, present commander of the footmen in the Traffic Division, will also take charge of Captain Forrester’s of former groups.
Captain Forrester was promoted to that rank three years ago when Hamilton R. Atkinson, commissioner at the time, split the traffic division into two parts and a pointed him and Captain keys to the command of the motorized and foot units respectively.
12 April 1951
Ober Of Ask Support for Police Plans
Police Commissioner Beverly Ober today reviewed his $1.5 million plan for improving the police department and asked for increased support of the public.
Speaking before the Kiwanis club, Colonel Ober said he wants to awaken civic interest and foster understanding in the department. He cited the “trend” toward local control of the department as one development which he hopes will stimulate this interest.
Points to Two New Units
The commissioner commented on the establishment of Central Records and Communications Bureaus in the department and the new Police Academy now located in the Northern Police Station.
In discussing future aims, the commissioner spoke about the need for almost 400 additional men, including patrolman and supervisory officers, and a reduced workweek for police personnel, which he said would amount to about $1.5 million over a period of years.
12 April 1951
Police Records Bureau Takes 12 Clerks
The appointment of 12 clerks for the police department’s new central records bureau was announced today by Thomas L Miller, personnel director.
The following reported for duty today (Thursday, 12 April 1951)
Joseph L. DiSaia, 1921 Grinnalds Ave.
Joseph D. Fitez, 1403 Weldon Place
Milton L. Grief, 1206 battery Ave.
Paul G. Griffin, 3616 West Lexington St.
Sherri R.Hoffman, 1327 Weldon Ave
John M. Mengle, 126 South Broadway, and
James I. Murphy, Jr. 1906 Oak Hill Ave.
Others appointed who will begin their duties April 26 were
Ervin S. Aaronson, 2516 Oswego Ave.
Selena R. .Johnson, 3611 Liberty Heights Ave.
William Jay. Urban 2914 Erdman Ave.
Bernard E. Smith 1238 East La Sierra Ave. and
Frances Rita Gulledge, 1911 Rodman Way
Mr. Miller also announced the selection of two persons to serve as chauffeurs in the department.
Edward J. Dunn Sr., Of 427 N Kenwood Ave. and
Douglas R. Fulton, 1804 Hillenwood Rd.
The new records bureau, situated on the fifth floor of the police department building, will begin operations and about three months, according to police Commissioner Beverly Ober
5 September 1951
Police Department Ends 110-Year-Old Docket Book System
Turns to a Loose-Leaf System
The Police Department’s 110-year-old simplified system of docketing prisoners at station houses is on the way out.
Bound books, which have been used since before the Civil War to record the vital statistics of lawbreakers, are being replaced with loose-leaf dockets.
The change, ordered by Commissioner Beverly Ober, began today [5 September 1951] in the Central District.
Under the new setup, as many as 24 additional clerks may be needed to type information now entered in longhand on the docket books.
The new form sheets, measuring 10 by 14 inches, are to be made out by the clerks in quintuplicate – one copy for the station, one for the magistrate, one for the city auditor, one for the Department’s Central Records Bureau and one for the Arresting Officer.
Under the book system, one public docket was kept by the police and a second was used by the Magistrate. The desk Sergeant would record in the public docket the prisoner’s name, address, age, sex, race, marital status, whether he or she could read and write, the charge and its disposition. Only the name, address, and charge were placed on the Magistrate’s docket.
It was the Desk Sergeants’ job to keep the dockets and, after each court session, note the disposition of the case.
1 October 1951
Built 25 Years Ago to Serve Century, Police Building is Already Crowded
25 years ago, today [1 October 1951] the police department moved from its offices in the courthouse to the building a rented by the city for exclusive use of the department at Fallsway and Fayette streets.
General Charles D. Gaither, then police commissioner, in discussing the move, said:
“The department has now assembled in one building all of its activities that heretofore were scattered in various buildings, and increased capacity and efficiency must result from this concentration.”
In Courthouse Before
Previously the executive offices of the Police Commissioner, Chief Inspector, Detective Bureau, Bureau of Identifications, Policewomen’s quarters and women’s recreation rooms and offices of the Captain Lieutenants and Sergeants of The Traffic Division, where located in the Courthouse.
In the Central Police Station, [a building that was formerly a public school] on Saratoga Street between Charles and St. Paul Streets, were housed the Police Court, Traffic Court, assembly room of the Traffic Division, Missing Persons Bureau, Bureau of Printing and a Shooting Gallery. At the Northern Police Station on Keswick Road, was the newly established Police School and the Bureau of Purchasing and Supplies.
Called Sufficient For Century
Commissioner Gaither and his staff, which then consisted of Chief Inspector George G. Henry and Inspectors George E. Lurz and at John J. Sentry publicly predicted: “The new building would be sufficient to take care of all Police Department offices for the next hundred years.”
But in a quarter of a century that trend of time changes. All available space in the police building is now occupied.
Under the present police commissioner, Colonel Beverly Ober, the police school again has been transferred to the Northern Police Station to provide space for the radio and a Central Communications Department.
The gymnasium on the fifth floor has disappeared. In its place are the offices of the newly established Central Records Bureau.
Within the next several weeks the missing person's bureau, juvenile protective bureau, policewomen and offices of the director of the police department’s boy scout clubs are scheduled to be moved to the old western police station building located on pine street near Saratoga.
On that cool, crisp moving day, in the first week of October 1926, the department was functioning smoothly. So enthusiastic was the late Commissioner Gaither over this fact that he wrote to the late Governor Albert C. Ritchie:
“The results archived, and the work performed by the department this year could not have been attained had it not been for the splendid devotion to duty and the unselfish manner in which that duty has been performed by all members of this department.”
In 1926, the police department personnel consisted of 1886 employees. Of this number, 1350 were patrolmen. The pay of the patrolman was $40.00 a week. The salary account for that year was $3,407,738.17. The expense account of the department was $284,062.19, used mainly for purchasing automotive equipment, office supplies, a few automatic traffic lights, fuel for patrol cars and the police boat patrolling the harbor.
25 years makes a difference. Today the police department has 2300 employees of which 1620 are patrolmen. The play of a policeman these days is $65.50 a week.
Asking $1.87 million more now
In the recent budget submit it to the city authorities for 1952. Police Commissioner Ober is asking for $11.2 million, an increase of $1.87 million over the 1951 budget.
In that year of 1926, Commissioner Gaither in a report to Governor Ritchie wrote:
“An important step, may I say toward accident prevention and the better facilitation of vehicular and pedestrian traffic lies in the installation of automatic signals at intersections, 12 of which we have had prior to 1 January 1926.
Outside Same, Inside Different
“Last year 55 additional ones were established and the department’s program for 1927 contemplates the erection of 100 more, the system to be further extended as means, therefore, are available. I might add that the automatic signals enabled the department to widen its scope of intersectional traffic control with the number of men available for this specific duty.”
Today the police department services 600 traffic lights. Outwardly the police building looks the same as it did in October 1926, but the inside there had been many changes dashed in large quarters for the traffic division, a newly established taxicab bureau, bureau of records on the second floor, in large radio broadcasting studios, neat and orderly offices of the central records bureau on the fifth floor, and last, but not least, the portly figure of Captain Alexander Emerson, commander of the vice squad, seeded and a glass-enclosed office of the old band room in a penthouse atop the roof.
Few of the department personnel who moved into the building a quarter of a century ago still are on the job. In the police commissioner’s office were George jay. Brennan, secretary; Raymond Fink, assistant secretary; chief inspector Joseph eighths. Itzel, Miss Dorothy Krausz, secretary to the chief inspector; Ms. Alice Dunnigan, assistant to the secretary; Mrs. Margaret Maxwell and Miss Alice McShane.
At the Central Police Station, are seven more veterans: Lieutenants Albert J. Hanssen and Frederick Johnson: Sergeant Jerome Klingenberg and Patrolman William P. Hawkins, Henry Wrenger. Norman Bradburn, Edward O’Keefe and August Traupe.
12 June 1952
Made to Avoid “Droop”
The uniform that was modeled yesterday for the coordinating committee by Mrs. Dorothy Nippard, a police clerk in the Central Records Bureau, consisted also of the following:
A single-breasted, four-button jacket over a six-gore skirt, not cut, according to Mrs. Bang, on the bias so that it won’t “droop in odd places.” Both the skirt and the jacket are of French fashion serge, of a color slightly lighter than navy blue.
The hemline is 12 inches from the floor. The nylon stockings we’ll be of a regulation shade, with gauge and denier left up to the individual.
The cap has a cloth visor instead of the plastic type, thus allowing the wearer to dispense with the heavy leather band used by the hardier sex. Another reason for the visor, explained Mrs. Bang, was that it had proved more becoming two women.
12 September 1952
Police Information Desk Switched to Fifth Floor
The police department’s complaint and information desk, located for 26 years on the fourth floor of the headquarters building at Fayette Street and Fallsway, today was moved to the fifth floor of the same building.
Commissioner Beverly Ober said the move was designed to speed service in handling inquiries and complaints by putting the office near the Central Records and Communication Bureau, also on the fifth floor.
26 August 1952
The New Police Records System
New Yorkers, disturbed by a sharp jump in reported crimes for the first six months of this year, have learned that the increase is, in part, a paper increase. Crime is on the upgrade, to be sure, but equally pertinent is the fact that the purged and revitalized New York police force is now recording and reporting more of the crimes which are taking place. Before the shakeup, complaints were thrown away or buried to make the policing look better than it was.
Crime is also on the increase in Baltimore. The police records show it. And, like New York, part of the increase is a paper increase. But unlike New York, the paper increase is not a mark of past corruption. The Baltimore police have thoroughly modernized their methods of recording burglaries, assaults, car thefts and other crimes, which result in more complete reporting on the number of the crimes here.
No longer are the complaints of Baltimoreans handled in haphazard fashion by district stations and relayed to other departments and headquarters through uncertain channels. No longer are complaints open to the risk of becoming lost, blown out the window, rendered inaccurate in transit or borrowed from files and not returned.
No longer, for one pertinent example, does a car owner stand to be picked up and taken to the station in one district for driving a car, his own car, which was reported stolen but subsequently recovered in another district. The reorganized Baltimore police force is letting its east hand know what its west hand is doing.
Until recently Baltimore police records (complaints, criminal data, and the like) were kept in seventeen, and in some cases, nineteen places about the city. A given set of facts had to be tracked down among district headquarters, departments, bureaus, and agencies wasting precious time in law enforcement and made it easy for officers to overlook or never hear of facts which might have aided them. As an added handicap, district men and special enforcement officers had to devote precious time to record keeping, and secretarial work instead of fighting crime.
Police Commissioner Beverly Ober explains now that when he took office, a little more than three years ago, he soon found that only parcel alliance could be placed on the accuracy of the available records. He persuaded the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) to send experts to Baltimore and prepare a report on what we were doing wrong with our local filing system. The result was the determination to have a Central Records Bureau. Which was started in January 1951, and at the time of this writing was already in use? Although it was short of any id of official completion.
Hand-in-hand with the Central Records System is the Central Complaint set up which made police headquarters the actual working center of all Baltimore City Police activity. The decentralization which used to place an administrative office in the district stations is gone, along with the district police blotters. Headquarters hears all and orders all, and the effect is to make Baltimore seem truly big time in police matters.
The fifth floor of headquarters was the latest word in police command posts. Activity centers were all within two glass-enclosed switchboard rooms, one handling the hourly reports of patrolman from police boxes and other handle emergency calls (S.A. 1200] and communications to and from the radio police. A third switchboard was devoted to administrative calls (M.U. 1600), and a fourth, now in the making, will filter incoming calls, separating administrative matters from emergencies and channeling matters of command decisions to officers in the higher echelons.
The visitor’s impression is one of quiet, controlled urgency as scorers of lights flick on and off along switchboards and the voices of uniformed men talking into headphones drowned out individual words and leave only a staccato series of unintelligible sounds. Behind each switchboard operator, there is a bank of slowly turning Dictaphone roles, their bright yellow Kahler A constant reminder that everything is being recorded. No longer can it be said that a certain complaint was not received or that a patrolman did not get a certain order dashed it is all there on wax: who said what and what time he said it.
Baltimore and Baltimore alone also had a wire recording device for broadcasting reports of stolen cars. The description of the cars and other pertinent information goes on to a tape, much as the time the weather is recorded on a tape by the telephone company. Every patrolman who calls in then here’s the stolen car report automatically, ending the possibility of human forgetfulness in spreading the word on car thefts.
The keys to centralization uniformity and the elimination of the many chances for human error, duplication, and oversight. All complaints must be cleared through headquarters, where each is given a permanent number.
Each policeman on the street and each desk man has a uniform set of questions which he must ask, and A uniform complaints sheet on which to report the answers. The original report eased in the handwriting of the responsible officer because it is good police administration to keep it that way, but once it is typed up, all subsequent copies are made either mechanically or photographically, and the many of the inevitable errors of human transcription.
The first copies of reports coming from one police district are immediately put through duplicating machine, and 10 copies are distributed to other districts and heads of bureaus. The reports are then photographed, reduced to file card size, for the prominent records. There are still chances for mistakes, of course. But with the headquarters receiving all complaints, numbering all complaints and filing all complaints, Commissioner Ober believes that he is on top of past trouble.
The central records bureau, under Capt. and Clarence O. Forster an inspector Fred Al Ford, has become a model for other cities. Only St. Louis, Washington and possibly Los Angeles are in the same class as Baltimore. The names and police records of some two million persons are on file and in an easily accessible form [available to a limited number of persons only, since police records are no longer open to the public]. Police records for the past 50 years had been microfilmed and indexed. A file of 40,000 aliases have been accumulated dashed something Baltimore has never had before.
Perhaps most impressive, human memory is being replaced but IBM Machines. Every day the lightning-fast fingers of parole operators are punching cards with the holes which for ever-recorded names, crimes, descriptions, places last seen, except from. The date is going to come when the homicide squad, for example, will no longer have to wonder where they may have heard or read about a sex criminal of such and such a general description who works as a labor and uses a knife. If the name and pertinent data have it any time been punched on a card that’s on any one of thousands upon thousands of cards dashed them the scene can pick out the pollard in last time it takes an old-time desk sergeant to Iraq is brains.
In fact, the latest developments in business machines hold a much more impressive promise, when applied to police work. Eventually, a missing scene can be asked for a list of safe-breakers, white, slim build, about 50, known to be in the Middle Atlantic area, with A penchant for nitroglycerin, and the machine will come back with the names and all pertinent data on likely prospects, including their photographs and fingerprints!
Baltimore is new police centralization is too new to show positive results which can be proved statistically. It should save Manpower and provide more policing for the tax dollar. It should give Baltimoreans faster and more reliable police protection. It should and Abel investigating officers to get the police tattered and need, when they needed, in more accurate and complete form. And it should and Abel Commissioner Ober to get a clearer picture of where law enforcement is weak and what it will take to eliminate the deficiencies.
Philadelphia, at least, thinks the Baltimore System looks so good that it wants to duplicate for itself, including the actual floor plans of the Baltimore setup. But the efficiency of the system in actual practice is dependent in part on the public, which can foul up the best of police plans by calling the wrong numbers and saying, “I want a policeman a mealy,” with no further details.
The number to call in emergencies is SAratoga 1200, with some indication of the nature of the emergency. If the complaint is less than urgent dashed a parking dull, for example, dashed the number to call is MUlberry 1600, which doesn’t tie up the emergency switchboard and the police radio system.
15 September 1952
Police Launch New Filing Method
The Baltimore Police Department today began a new method of reporting crime statistics with the issuance of a seven-page report- the first one prepared by the Central Records Bureau. The document compares the incidence of nine types of crime between January 1 and July 31 of this year with a like period last year.
Police Commissioner Beverly Ober said the department is now able to send “intelligent" information to the Federal Bureau of Investigation which. under an act of Congress in 1930 was established as a clearinghouse for crime data from all over the nation.
Old Method Misleading
Under the old method, the commissioner said, some crime fell into categories which were misleading. both from the standpoint of efficiency and administration. Commissioner Ober said the new type of report has met with the approval of the Criminal Justice Commission and other interested parties. The document also contains a plea for citizens to immediately and accurately report offenses to police. Policemen, the report states, are often hampered by complaints which are incomplete, and the arrest of an offender is sometimes delayed by the failure of the citizen to report a crime because they thought they were in insignificant.
The report on crimes committed
During the first even month of this year, as compared with a similar period last year follows:
Murder-during the first seven months of 1951. 45 murders were reported, 41 of them closed and four unsolved. This year there were 53 reported, 46 closed and seven unsolved.
Rape-Last year 93 cases were reported. 88 closed and 7 unsolved. 1 This year 109 reported, 89 closed 1 and 20 unsolved.
Robbery-Last ear 304 reported, 153 closed, 151 unsolved. This year 450 reported, 193 closed and 257 unsolved.
Larceny-Last year 2,937 reported, 1.287 closed. ,1 ,650 unsolved. This year 3 ,821 reported, 1,299 closed and 2,522 unsolved.
Purse snatching Last year 116 1 reported. 29 closed. 87 unsolved. This year 143 reported, 23 closed, 120 unsolved.
Pickpocket - Last year 25 reported. 8 closed 17 unsolved This year 21 reported, 4 closed, 17 unsolved.
3 September 1953
Police Planned New Divisions of Districts
Crime sorting system to be employed in redrawing lines
The Baltimore police department’s new system of charting crime - and where it hits - will be used as a basis for an eventual redrawing of the department’s posts, bailiwicks and district lines, Colonel Beverly Ober, the police commissioner, disclosed yesterday.
For little more than a year, every crime, from murder for a street brawling, has been reported to an indexed in the department’s Central Records Bureau.
It has given the department a concise Baedecker on which neighborhoods have heavy crime rates and which are relatively free from lawlessness.
The Police Force Is Scientifically
And it has helped the department to deploy its forces scientifically so that the policemen are stationed where they are most likely to be needed.
In time, Colonel Ober explained, new district lines will be drawn and the district will be subdivided into the alley wicks and posts on the bases of actual needs of the districts. This, in turn, he added, will require a recalculation of the department’s Manpower needs.
The uniform crime reporting system has been in effect since 1 July 1952.
Therefore, that just compiled reports of crime incidents door in July 1953, gave the department its first accurate comparison with the crime rate of the corresponding month of the previous year under the uniform system.
Shows Decline in Crime
It showed a decline in the crime rates in seven of the ten major classifications listed by the department.
What it did not show was that between July 1952 and July 1953, the department’s Manpower was strengthened considerably. And most of the new strength went into the manning of Foot Post.
By using its modern system of charting crime incidence, the commissioner was able to concentrate his reinforcements where they would be most effective.
The FBI made a survey of Baltimore’s crime bookkeeping in 1949 -and found a hodgepodge of records that were to interpret intelligently.
The subsequent FBI report was highly critical.
Policemen, it said, “do not consistently obtain detailed and accurate information concerning each arrest.”
Six Different Addresses
It found, for example, one group of arrest records “tide together at headquarters as representing one individual.” One William Smith. There were six different arrest cards in that “one individual’s” portfolio. He had six different addresses. His age ranged from 52 to 63. He was married twice and single four times.
The revision of the department system was based on recommendations in that report.
It has taken about 2 ½ years in developing the new reporting procedure.
During that period, Colonel Ober said, “there has been a gradual but consistent increase in reported crime in the city, which was to have been expected, and it is absolutely and possible to determine exactly what percentage of the increase was due to fact and what percentage was due to accurate records.”
Every Incident Reported
Before the development of the new system, the district captains would send in reports to headquarters only on crimes they thought worth reporting. Now every incident is reported and tabulated.
The following table gives a comparison of the cases reported last July with those of July 1952, the first month of the “new order”:
Crime 1952 1953
Murder 2 5
Manslaughter 2 1
Rape 25 22
Aggravated assault 180 169
Burglary 507 397
Larceny 866 801
Purse snatching 17 8
False pretense 91 136
Auto theft 463 340
Those figured cannot be interpreted to mean that the crime rate is dropping or rising or static, Colonel Ober explained. Crime, like the tide, ebbs, and flows. It is seasonal. So, he added, many more statistics must be collected door in many months to compile overall figure’s which will the end themselves to intelligent interpretation
8 April 1955
Colonel Beverly Ober was a man of military bearing. Before he began his long career as a police administrator, he had served a protracted period in the National Guard and had achieved the rank of Colonel. Even after he was well out of military life the title stuck, and he reflected deeply ingrained habits of thought and action.
As superintendent of the State Police, he had an essentially military organization to and direct. The Baltimore Police Department, of which he had been the head of for six years, was far less military in character, but Colonel Ober managed to impart to the men in the service a certain soldierly bearing, and his discipline was of a semi-military quality.
In both posts, Colonel Ober’s administration was marked by reorganization and expansion. The city police department, especially, has been greatly changed since he took over. A Central Records Bureau, a Crime Laboratory, a new Communication System and a substantial enlargement of the force altered working conditions for the better. The hiring of the additional patrolmen, as of additional clerks and women Crossing Guards, has provided a needed enlargement of manpower. Colonel Ober’s last project – one for the construction of new station houses – was approved by the voters at the election in November but has not actually taken physical form.
Display all improvements in police work, the amount of crime in the city seems to have increased. This does not necessarily mean that the police were ineffective, for no one could say what would be the crime rate if the police had gone on in the old paths. What can be said is that Colonel Ober left a department much more efficiently organized then he found it and that his successor will be able to start at a higher level.
A man who approached his tasks with military directness, Colonel Ober was blunt of speech. These qualities sometimes upset those who dealt with him, but they were often admirable – as when he broke up the disturbances at the public schools last fall.
Had he lived, Colonel Ober would have been reappointed – Governor McKeldin confirmed this yesterday. His sudden death deprives the community of a trusted public servant and creates a vacancy that will not be easily filled.
13 June 1955
Mr. Hepbron’s Job
Under the leadership of the late Colonel Beverly Ober, the Baltimore police department moved rapidly ahead, from an organizational standpoint. A Central Communications and records system was set up, District Stations were reorganized, workweeks were reduced and pay increased, new patrolmen were added to the force and plans for new station houses developed. Colonel Ober also broke through the cliques which are likely to form in any police force and fashioned a chain of command more responsive to him as the Police Commissioner. He, in turn, stood behind his men whenever they were criticized.
The new Police Commissioner, Mr. James M. Hepbron will take over a force which is more efficiently organized and better disciplined than when Colonel Ober came in. He will have a Chief Inspector Fred Ford an able-bodied first assistant. Also, thanks to the Central Records Bureau, he will have a much better idea where policing problems are most critical, and he can deploy his men accordingly adding the needed improvements.
With crime steadily increasing, the operations of a police force must always be fluid and subject to constant re-examination. The whole question of Radio Cars vs. Foot Patrolman is a continued one. The problem of Traffic Control and the use of able-bodied men to blow whistles when traffic lights change and placing tickets on illegally parked cars must be studied and studied again, as well as the distribution of men in accordance with potential trouble spots and the strengthening of both the Crime Prevention and Crime Detection Sections of the department.
The job cut out for Mr. Hepbron is in no way an easy one, however much Colonel Ober improved the police department. He has to win the loyalty of his men and at the same time be firm against infringements of the rights of the citizens and instances of brutality. He will also, almost certainly, have to fight against moves to organize the force along labor-union lines and to monkey with pay and pension systems. The city has few jobs as demanding as the one that Mr. Hepbron will soon take on. We wish him all possible success and plenty of public support when he assumes the reins.
Baltimore Police records all started with these Docket/Log Books. We have the following and are always looking for more. This type of record keeping ended in 1951 when we went to more of loose leaf system and started a Central Records Bureau.
1869 - Middle District Log
1878 - North Western Log
1878 - Marshals'Log
1880 - North Eastern Log
1892 - Marshal Log
1896 - Central Log
1902 - Central Log
1907 - Southern Log
1908 - Northern Log
1908 - Board of Commissioners Log
1909 - Northern Log
1911 - Northern Log
1915 - Northern Log
1917 - Northern Log
1924 - South Western Log
1924 - Northern Log
1926 - South Eastern Log
1940 - South Western Log
1944 - North Eastern Log
1946 - Northern Magistrate Log
1947 - Northern Log
Copyright © 2002 Baltimore City Police History - Ret Det Kenny Driscoll